Stimulants are psychoactive drugs, which increase physical or mental performance on a temporary basis. Stimulants are sometimes referred to as "uppers" Examples of these effects include alertness and the ability to stay awake. They can also elevate your mood and increase feelings of well-being. However, addiction to stimulants can result in medical, psychiatric and psychosocial deterioration.
Examples of stimulants can include:
- Crack cocaine
- Crystal Meth
Repeated use of stimulants such as cocaine can lead to a tolerance to their euphoric effects, resulting in the user taking greater amounts and more frequently to achieve the same effect. As well as addiction, long term effects of stimulant abuse can result in paranoia, aggressiveness, extreme anorexia, thinking problems, visual and auditory hallucinations, delusions, and severe dental problems.
Drug rehab treatment options for those addicted to stimulants usually involve helping the patient to think differently, change their expectations in life, and help them to cope with stress. It is also important to perform a drug detox process to remove any trace of the drug in the body. The 12 step programme is also effective as it focuses on unmanageability in life and helps patients to cope with life without drugs.